Information and Programs

At Social Security we offer several career options for people who have proudly served in the armed forces. With so many diverse career fields available in our agency, your solid military experience and willingness to selflessly serve can translate into a very rewarding career in public service.

There are special hiring authorities designed specifically for veterans. These special authorities represent a few of many appointing authorities that agencies can use at their discretion.

To learn more about opportunities for veterans, visit Feds Hire Vets Special Hiring Authorities for Veterans web page.

Veterans Preference

Veterans Preference

Veterans' Preference gives eligible veterans preference in appointment over many other applicants. Veterans' preference applies to virtually all new appointments in both the competitive and excepted service. Veterans' preference does not guarantee veterans a job and it does not apply to internal agency actions such as promotions, transfers, reassignments and reinstatements.

For more information on eligibility, visit the Feds Hire Vets Veterans' Preference web page.

Veterans Recruitment Act (VRA)

Veterans Recruitment Act (VRA)

VRA allows appointment of eligible veterans up to the GS-11 or equivalent grade level. Veterans are hired under excepted appointments to positions that are otherwise in the competitive service. After the individual satisfactorily completes 2 years of service, the veteran may be converted non-competitively to a career or career-conditional appointment.

VRA eligibility applies to the following categories:

  • Disabled veterans;
  • Veterans who served on active duty in the Armed Forces during a war declared by Congress, or in a campaign or expedition for which a campaign badge has been authorized;
  • Veterans who, while serving on active duty in the Armed Forces, participated in a military operation for which an Armed Forces Service Medal (AFSM) was awarded; and
  • Veterans separated from active duty within the past 3 years

If you are interested in applying for employment under this special hiring program, please contact us at DCHR.OPE.Veterans.Employment@ssa.gov.

30 Percent or More Disabled Veterans

30 Percent or More Disabled Veterans

The 30 Percent or More Disabled Veterans authority enables the appointment of an eligible candidate to any position for which he or she is qualified without competition. Unlike the VRA, there is no grade-level limitation. Initial appointments are time-limited, lasting more than 60 days; however, individuals can be non-competitively converted to a permanent status at any time during the time-limited appointment.

Eligibility applies to the following categories:

  • Disabled veterans who were retired from active military service with a service-connected disability rating of 30 percent or more; OR
  • Disabled veterans rated by the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) as having a compensable service-connected disability of 30 percent or more

If you are interested in applying for employment under this special hiring program, please contact us at DCHR.OPE.Veterans.Employment@ssa.gov.

Veterans Employment Opportunities Act of 1998 (VEOA)

Veterans Employment Opportunities Act of 1998 (VEOA)

This flexibility gives preference eligibles and certain eligible veterans access to jobs that otherwise only would have been available to status employees. In VEOA appointments, preference eligibles and veterans are not accorded preference as a factor, but they are allowed to compete for job opportunities that are not offered to other external candidates. A VEOA eligible who is selected will be given a career or career-conditional appointment.

VEOA eligibility applies to the following categories of veterans:

  • Preference eligibles; and
  • • Service personnel separated after 3 or more years of continuous active service performed under honorable conditions

Disabled Veterans Enrolled in a VA Training Program

Disabled Veterans Enrolled in a VA Training Program

Disabled veterans eligible for training under the VA vocational rehabilitation program may enroll for training or work experience at an agency under the terms of an agreement between the agency and VA. While enrolled in the VA program, the veteran is not a Federal employee for most purposes but is a beneficiary of the VA.

Training is tailored to the individual's needs and goals, so there is no set length. If the training is intended to prepare the individual for eventual appointment in the agency rather than just provide work experience, the agency must ensure that the training will enable the veteran to meet the qualification requirements for the position.

Upon successful completion, the host agency and VA give the veteran a Certificate of Training showing the occupational series and grade level of the position for which the veteran trained. The Certificate of Training allows any agency to appoint the veteran non-competitively under a status quo appointment which may be converted to career or career-conditional at any time.