History of SSA During the Johnson Administration 1963-1968


On January 2, 1968, President Johnson appointed a Commission on Income Maintenance Programs to conduct a 2 year study into all aspects of Existing welfare and related programs and to make just and equitable recommendations for constructive improvement, wherever needed and indicated. Appointed chairman was Ben W. Heineman, Chairman of the Board, Chicago and Northwestern Railroads. The other members are Clifford L. Alexander, Jr., Washington, D.C.; James W. Aston, Dallas, Texas; Sherwood O. Berg, St. Paul, Minnesota; Edmund G. Brown, Beverly Hills, California; Donald C. Burnham, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; Secretary of HEW, Wilbur J. Cohen, Washington, D.C.; John M. Dalton, Jefferson City, Missouri; John Dempsey, Hartford, Connecticut; Margaret S. Gordon, Berkeley, California; Anna Rosenberg Hoffman, New York, New York; Senator Barbara Jordan, Houston, Texas; Maxwell M. Rabb, New York, New York; A. Philip Randolph, New York, New York; Henry S. Rowen, Santa Monica, California; Julian Samora, South Bend, Indiana; Robert M. Solo, Cambridge, Massachusetts; Asa T. Spaulding, Durham, North Carolina; David Sullivan, New York, New York; Thomas W. Watson, Jr., New York, New York; Geri Joseph of Minnesota; Otto Eckstein of Massachusetts; J. Henry Smith of New York.

The Office of Research and Statistics has provided the Heineman Commission--as it has come to be known--with a variety of documents and background studies relating to measures of poverty and low income, characteristics of social security beneficiaries and of aged and disabled persons, and related matters. Analyses and estimates of costs and economic impacts of various alternative income maintenance programs are in preparation for the use of the Commission.